Rain Penetration Functional Test

Instructions:  For each system included on the checklist, verify the items indicated using Yes for acceptable, No for unacceptable, or NA for Not Applicable.  For unacceptable items, identify what is required to correct the problem in the comments area provided. Use numbers to refer to comments.  Identify the responsible contractor, if know, for any items requiring further action.

Equipment Required: Shortridge Air Flow Measuring Computer with Velgrid probe, rotating vane anemometer, or equivalent device to verify louver face velocity and wind velocity; Rain gauge and stop watch (optional) for documenting rainfall rate during the test; Compass (optional) for estimating the wind direction. Camera (optional) for documenting water penetration on louver blades and general conditions at the time of test.

Acceptance Criteria:  Louver applied at or below its rated point of beginning water penetration; Intake compartment remains dry during a heavy rain; Water penetration that does occur during a driving rain is contained and drained from the system with out adversely affecting the system or surrounding building; Equipment and components located in the intake compartment have been selected and installed in a manner that will allow them to tolerate minor moisture penetrations that can occur during a driving rain or during heavy fog.

Date(s) of Test:           _______________________________________________________________________

Time(s) of Test:           _______________________________________________________________________

Test Technician           _______________________________________________________________________

Item Number

Requirement

System Identifier

 

All applicable prestart and start-up verification checks from the equipment manufacturer have been completed.

 

 

Louver installation and flashing is complete

 

 

Building envelope construction above and immediately adjacent to the louver location is complete.

 

 

Heavy rainfall is anticipated or occurring.

 

 

Air handling system is arranged to operate at the design flow rate and capable of operation in that mode.

 

 

Applicable additional verification checks from the preceding list should be inserted here.

 

 

Obtain and document the following information.

           Air handling system design flow rate                   _____________ cfm

           Louver design face velocity                                _____________ fp

           Louver point of beginning water penetration        _____________ fpm

           Louver free area or free area ratio                     _____________ sq.ft. or %

           Lover make                                          _____________

           Louver model                                        _____________

 

           Louver blade profile (sketch example)    _____________

 

 

 

Documenting information such as the blade profile will allow you to assess if the louver that is installed is in fact what was submitted on.  Make and model information may not be apparent in the field installation, but the blade profile will provide a good clue as to whether or not the installed louver is what should be there.

 

 

 

Set up the rain gauge at a representative location to document the rainfall rate.  Temporarily cover the gauge so that it doesn’t begin to accumulate rain until the time of testing.

 

 

Verify that the installed louver matches what was specified and submitted on using nameplates, blade profile comparison, or other techniques.  Note basis used for making this determination.

 

 

Verify that the system can be operated on 100% outdoor air with out compromising the area served under the current outdoor environmental conditions.

 

 

Index the system to 100% outdoor air.

 

 

Verify that the system can be operated at design flow with out compromising the area served under the current load conditions.

 

 

Index the system to 100% flow.

 

 

Determine and document the average louver face velocity by traversing the filter bank and using the following calculation steps.  Note instrumentation used for the measurements.

           Louver height                                        _____________ inches

           Louver width                                         _____________ inches

           Louver area in square feet ((height x width)/144)            _____________ sq/ft.

           Filter bank height                                               _____________ inches

           Filter bank width                                                _____________ inches

           Filter bank area in square feet ((height x width)/144)_____________ sq/ft.

           Average filter face velocity from traverse           _____________ fpm

           Calculated flow rate (filter velocity x filter area)  _____________ cfm

           Calculated louver face velocity  

           (Flow rate/Louver area)                                     _____________ fpm

           Instrument used to measure face velocity            _____________

 

 

Verify that the actual face velocity is at or below 110% of the design face velocity.

 

 

Verify that the actual face velocity is below the louver point of beginning water penetration.

 

 

If there currently is not a heavy rainstorm, return the system to normal operation and complete the remaining steps of the procedure when a heavy rain occurs.  Make provisions so the system can be quickly returned to 100% outdoor air/100% flow at that time.

 

 

 

All of these steps can be completed with out the heavy rainfall occurring.  Since this test is dependent on a heavy rainfall, it may be the most efficient to perform them ahead of time and then simply document performance under heavy rain conditions when the event occurs.

 

 

During a heavy rainstorm, return the system to 100% outdoor air/100% flow operation.

 

 

Remove the cover from the rain gauge and start the stopwatch to time the accumulation of rain during the test.

 

 

Document the wind speed and direction.

           Wind speed                                           _____________ mph

           Wind direction                                       _____________

 

 

Observe the louver blades and the intake compartment to determine if water is being carried through the louver blades and into the intake compartment.  Note observations below.

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

 

 

Continue to monitor and observe the louver performance for 15 minutes.  Note any additional observations below.

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

 

 

Document test conditions with photographs of the louver blades and intake compartment.

 

 

Return the system to normal operation.

 

 

Cover the rain gauge and turn off the stopwatch.  Document the accumulated rainfall over the duration of the test and calculate the rainfall rate.

           Accumulated rainwater                          _____________ inches

           Duration of test                                     _____________ minutes

           Duration of test in hours (divide minutes by 60)   _____________ hours

           Rainfall rate during the test                                _____________ in./hr.

 

Comments:

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The following is an example of a completed checklist that was custom tailored to a 100% outdoor air system serving a clean room using the preceding template as a starting point.

Rain Penetration Functional Test - Edited and Completed Example

 

Instructions:  For each system included on the checklist, verify the items indicated using Yes for acceptable, No for unacceptable, or NA for Not Applicable.  For unacceptable items, identify what is required to correct the problem in the comments area provided. Use numbers to refer to comments.  Identify the responsible contractor, if know, for any items requiring further action.

Equipment Required: Shortridge Air Flow Measuring Computer with Velgrid probe for filter face velocity measurement; Rotating vane anemometer for wind velocity measurement; Rain gauge and stopwatch for documenting rainfall rate during the test; Digital camera.

Acceptance Criteria:  Louver applied at or below its rated point of beginning water penetration; Intake compartment remains dry during a heavy rain; Water penetration that does occur during a driving rain is contained and drained from the system with out adversely affecting the system or surrounding building; Equipment and components located in the intake compartment have been selected and installed in a manner that will allow them to tolerate minor moisture penetrations that can occur during a driving rain or during heavy fog.

Date(s) of Test:         Prep work - July 12, 1998                                                     

Time(s) of Test:        Prep work - 7:30 am                                                         

Test Technician         Joe Kazam, Sarah Presiski                                                   

 

Item Number

Requirement

03-MAU01-01-01

 

1

All applicable prestart and start-up verification checks from the equipment manufacturer have been completed.

Yes

 

2

Building envelope construction above and immediately adjacent to the louver location is complete.

Yes

 

3

Heavy rainfall is anticipated or occurring.

Yes

 

4

Air handling system is arranged to operate at the design flow rate and capable of operation in that mode.

Note 1

5

Sealing, flashing, thermal expansion gaps and bracing provided per the manufacturers installation recommendations

Note 2

 

6

Intake screen provided with a grid large enough to prevent nuisance clogging

Yes

 

7

Intake screen arranged and accessible for cleaning

Yes

 

8

Intake arranged to minimize water damage

Yes

 

9

Intake compartment arranged to accommodate water entry and pitched to drain

Note 3

 

10

Intake compartment constructed of moisture tolerant materials

Note 4

 

11

Filters located so as to be affected by moisture penetration during a driving rain or fog conditions are moisture tolerant and selected to minimize the impact of frozen moisture on system performance.

Note 4

 

 

12

Obtain and document the following information.

           Air handling system design flow rate                   _45,000_____ cfm

           Louver design face velocity                                __469____ fpm

           Louver point of beginning water penetration        804(free area)  fpm

           Louver free area or free area ratio                     ___55%_____ sq.ft. or %

           Lover make                                          _Ruskin_____

           Louver model                                        __ELF375X__

`

           Louver blade profile (sketch example)_____________

 

 

13

Set up the rain gauge at a representative location to document the rainfall rate.  Temporarily cover the gauge so that it doesn’t begin to accumulate rain until the time of testing.

Done

 

14

Verify that the installed louver matches what was specified and submitted on using nameplates, blade profile comparison, or other techniques.  Note basis used for making this determination.

O.K., Blade profile basis

 

15

Note the current number of fans running and their speed based on the variable speed drive display.

03-SF01-01-01 Status ___On____        Speed____52.1__ hz.

03-SF01-01-02 Status __On_____        Speed ______52.1 hz.

 

 

16

Determine and document the average louver face velocity by traversing the filter bank and using the following calculation steps.  Note instrumentation used for the measurements.

           Louver height                                        ____96_______ inches

           Louver width                                         _____144  ___ inches

           Louver area in square feet ((height x width)/144)            ____96__   __ sq/ft.

           Filter bank height                                               ____120_____ inches

           Filter bank width                                                ____144_____ inches

           Filter bank area in square feet ((height x width)/144)____120_____ sq/ft.

           Average filter face velocity from traverse           ____319_____ fpm

           Calculated flow rate (filter velocity x filter area)  ___38,280___ cfm

           Calculated louver face velocity  

           (Flow rate/Louver area)                                     ____399_____ fpm

           Instrument used to measure face velocity            _Shortridge  

 

 

17

Verify that the actual face velocity is at or below 110% of the design face velocity.

Yes

 

18

Verify that the measured face velocity is below the louver point of beginning water penetration.

Yes

 

19

If there currently is not a heavy rainstorm, return the system to normal operation and complete the remaining steps of the procedure when a heavy rain occurs. 

Delayed, see below

 

20

During a heavy rainstorm, re-verify the fan operating status and speeds.  Note time and date if different from when the preceding steps were performed.

Time ___3:15 pm__________________       Date _July 14, 1998________

03-SF01-01-01 Status __________      Speed __________ hz.

03-SF01-01-02 Status __________      Speed __________ hz.

Fan status same as before

 

21

Remove the cover from the rain gauge and start the stopwatch to time the accumulation of rain during the test.

Done

 

22

Document the wind speed with the rotating vane anemometer and estimate direction.

           Wind speed                                           8, gust 17     _ mph

           Wind direction (estimate)                       _SSW________

Done

 

23

Observe the louver blades and the intake compartment to determine if water is being carried through the louver blades and into the intake compartment.  Note observations below.

____Under steady rain with no gusts, the last 1/2 inch of blade never really got wet.                                                      

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

O.K.  See comments and photo

 

24

Continue to monitor and observe the louver performance for 15 minutes.  Note any additional observations below.

_Gusts caused some carry-over, but actual raindrops never reached the louver.  Any water that did penetrate, tended to run towards the drain, but it   wasn’t much water.                                                 

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

O.K.

 

25

Document test conditions with photographs of the louver blades and intake compartment.

Done

 

26

Return the system to normal operation.

Done

 

27

Cover the rain gauge and turn off the stopwatch.  Document the accumulated rainfall over the duration of the test and calculate the rainfall rate.

           Accumulated rainwater                          3/8  ________ inches

           Duration of test                                     ___20 _______ minutes

           Duration of test in hours (divide minutes by 60)   __.33________ hours

           Rainfall rate during the test                                __1.14_______ in./hr.

 

 

Comments:

1.     Current flow settings at 85% of design based on clean room qualification requirements.  Unlikely to change unless process changes.  Increasing flow beyond current settings significantly upsets process and is unacceptable to Owner.  Therefore, we tested at the current settings.  It may be desirable to repeat this test if/when the system is reconfigured in the future for different tools if the flow rates increase since our observation was that we were close to seeing some water penetration through the louver under out test conditions.                                         

2.     There is no reinforcement between the louver sections.  The last time I looked at a large multi-section louver like this one, the manufacturer required 1/4” steel plate between sections or braces to the corners in an application like this.  The MC should confirm that is not required for this louver by checking the manufacturers installation instructions.                              

3.     The compartment has a drain, but it is capped.  We didn’t have a pipe wrench to remove the cap, so that needs to be taken care of.  A trip is probably not necessary since this is the first compartment and ahead of the filters.                                                             

4.     Standard cardboard framed type prefilters are installed.  The specs call for filters with moisture resistant “beverage board” frames.  Could be important here since filters are with-in 4 feet of the intake louver and will probably filter out moisture from heavy fog.  Deeper pleats may also be a good idea to prevent excessive pressure drop when this moisture freezes in the winter.